How to Finish an Unfinished Basement: Framing and Insulating

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best basement finishing Toronto

With special insulating and framing techniques, your basement will be as comfortable as any other room in the house. Framing the basement ceiling and wall is at the core of the basement finish project.  

best basement finishing

Planning and Getting Started

The basement can be more than a storage or utility area. With some good techniques and forethought, you will be able to make it warm and comfortable. It will be inviting like the other rooms that are in the house. However, you shouldn’t make any mistake when you do this. Take a looks at the steps to have the best basement finishing Toronto.                                

Insulating Basement Walls

You have start with gluing the extruded polystyrene foam insulation so that it fits against the foundation walls and rim joints. Make sure that you avoid expanded foam insulation when you insulate the basement walks as it is not as durable and also has a lower R value.  You need to make a snap by cutting the chalk lines for marking and then scoring it with the help of a utility knife. Cut around the obstructions and fill up the spaces with smaller chunks of foam whenever you need it.

Caulk Gaps

The caulk gaps and seems between the foam and the framing along the rim joist with more foam for sealing it against air leak and filtration. You can add fiberglass in later stages for a higher R value. The foam helps in reducing the heat transfer through the masonry and framing. This gets rid of the requirement of plastic moisture barrier later on. Make sure that you use adhesive formulated for using with foam when you insulate the basement walls.

Cut the Top and Bottom Plates

Snap chalk lines four inches away from the insulation on exterior portion of the wall. Thereafter cut 2×4 top and bottom plates and lay our stud locations in every 16 inches on each of the plate as you insulate the basement walls.

best basement finishing Toronto

Anchor Bottom Plate

Squeeze a ¼ inch bead construction adhesive to your bottom plates and then position them accordingly. Thereafter, you will have to pre-drill with the help of a hammer and anchor it with concrete screws.

Install Blocking

Nail a 2×4 blocking in every 3ft into the first floor of the joist for supporting the top plates to get best basement finishing Toronto. After this, you have toe-screw it to the rim joist to continue with the insulation of the basement walls.

best basement Toronto

Install the Top Plate

You need to plumb from the edge of the bottom plate with the help of a straight 2×4 and level. Snap the chalk line and then screw the top portion of the plate to the blocking with 3 inches screw.

Install the Studs

Make sure that you measure between the plates at every layout to make the best basement finishing Toronto. You need to mark and cut each of the studs to length. Toenail the studs into position that is at the bottom and the top with the help of 2 8d nails on one side and then centering the third on the other side.


Latest Kitchen Cabinet designs available in Toronto

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kitchen cabinet design

When you talk to a contractor without even knowing the basics, you might miss out on the significant details of the project.  When you plan on installing kitchen cabinets, it is important that you know the basic terminology of cabinets and the materials that it is made of.

Base Cabinets

Base cabinets are actually lower cabinets which perform the role of countertops. The cabinets are pretty strong and sturdy. If you get a basement cabinet, you should know that it will sit on the kitchen. It usually measures 4 inches deep. The deeper are the cabinets, the more space your will have as storage.

kitchen cabinet design

Wall Cabinets

Wall kitchen cabinet design are also known as upper or wall-mounted cabinets.  It is usually hung on the wall in contrast to the base cabinets. These cabinets are considered to be the backbone when you remodel the kitchen cabinet. It adds functionality and beauty to the kitchen layout.  Wall cabinets offer useful storage to the kitchen.  However, these can make the kitchen appear smaller in size. On the basis of the space that is available, you will be able to maximize the space in the kitchen simply by grouping the upper cabinets on one wall.  Small kitchen cabinet design will benefit from the one wall cabinet layout since it offers the perception of a larger room.

Pantry Cabinets

Tall cabinets can be referred to as pantry cabinets.  These have eight full height cabinets which sit on the floor and extends along the ceiling of the kitchen.  Typical cabinets will vary in heights from 84 to 96 inches.

Cabinet Drawers

You need to get quality drawers for the cabinets.  Keep in mind that these are the most used parts of the kitchen cabinetry and are capable of undergoing a lifetime of consistent and persistent use.  The plywood which is used inside the kitchen cabinet drawers are available in 5/8 inch of thickness. For better strength and durability, custom kitchen cabinet design might use ¾ inch of plywood in the drawers. When you choose the cabinet drawers, make sure that the minimum thickness is 1/3 inch plywood.

A significant number of middle-range and low-end cabinet drawers are known to be made of laminated board particle. A particle board is known to be good for the drawer boxes.  However, it will fail to hold up these drawers. A majority of the manufacturers will upgrade the drawers to plywood for some extra money.

Cabinet Doors

Do not forget that the cabinet doors are the face of the kitchen model.  Since they work as major visual component of the space, the look will help in setting the tone for the kitchen. The doors are different ways. Either it is slab or a framed door.  A slab door is known to be flat on both the sides and appears like a single piece of wood.  A framed door will have a center panel made of veneered plywood and wood to match up to the framing lumber.

kitchen cabinets

Apart from these basic styles, the third element of kitchen cabinet designs that you need to consider when it comes to the kitchen cabinet is the overlay.  In case the cabinet is set on top of the door opening with overlapping openings on all the sides then it is called an overlay door.  In case it is set completely inside the cabinet door, it will be called an inset door.

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